PDF / Epub ✅ Para Leer al Pato Donald: Comunicación de Masas y Colonialismo Author Ariel Dorfman – Avshao.info

Para Leer al Pato Donald: Comunicación de Masas y Colonialismo Donald Duck as the agent of American imperialism Surely it s a joke, right Not according to Ariel Dorfman and Armand Mattelart, exiles from the Chilean dictatorship They are in dead earnest and they do a good job of convincing the reader, in this slim volume of less than a hundred pages.Donald Duck and later on, Uncle Scrooge was my personal favourite among the Disney characters In an age bereft of TV and computers, comic books were very popular among the bookish kids and Walt Disney was a sort of god in the field If anybody would have mentioned that there was anything political in those harmless fantasies in those days, he would have been ridiculed to death.But that was India In Latin America, a turbulent continent struggling with lawlessness on one hand and dictators backed by the USA on the other, anything and everything was political In Chile, a country with an unfortunate history, the struggle between capitalistic despotism and communism was fought on the arena of comic books unlikely as it may seem In 1973, the democratic government in Chile was overthrown by the military with the blessings of the USA and with liberal help from the CIA Liberals and leftists were jailed and tortured Democratic institutions were closed down Books were burned, including this one Even now, this book is not available in Chile in those days, to be found in possession of on This book is a must read for anyone interested in a 1960 s Chilean Marxist interpretation of Mickey Mouse and has just this month October 2018 been released on the kindle Christmas has come early this year. Ariel Dorfman Chilean author, playwright, poet, essayist, human rights activist is best known for his riveting play Death and the Maiden How to Read Donald Duck Imperialist Ideology in the Disney Comic, written with the Belgian sociologist Armand Mattelart before Dorfman had to flee Chile because of General Augusto Pinochet That means the book is dated in parts, and it has some of that over the top flavor of the late 1960s and early 1970s But Dorfman and Mattelart meticulously maybe a bit too much dissects Disney comic books sold in Latin America which uphold the banner of capitalism by justifying Uncle Scrooge McDuck, mocking working stiffs like Donald Duck, and infantilizing Third World peoples as children who need Duckburg read U.S management And if we take their gold Well, they weren t using it for anything, anyway A very convincing and compelling argument.In interest of full disclosure, I received this book from NetGalley and OR Books in exchange A marxist take on cultural imperialism in Latin America This was a useful text for my MA thesis in discussing the effect that globalism had on comic strips in Latin America Though it has been a while since I have read it, Reviewing it brought me back to my time in graduate school A period piece of cultural criticism, written by a young Allende supporting Chilean, on the eve of Chile s descent into a hell of authoritarian neoliberalism It aims to deconstruct the faux innocence of the Disney universe to demonstrate the subterranean political agenda that its animated world traffics in In order to attain knowledge, which is a form of power, we cannot continue to endorse, with blinded vision and stilted jargon, the initiation rituals with which our spiritual high priests seek to legitimize and protect their exclusive privileges of thought and expression In the end, Donald Duck provides a justification narrative for nothing less than imperialist plunder and colonial subjugation of noble savages who are unable and indeed forbidden ever to become civilized and modern The Disney world is one in which all materiality has been purged All forms of production the material, sexual, historical have been eliminated, I don t have a shelf for political criticism of popular culture but that is where this belongs How to Read Donald Duck was originally published in Chile in 1971 as an indictment of American imperialism being marketed as children s literature in the form of Disney comic books It was hugely popular and spread to the rest of Latin America When an English translation was shipped to America in 1975, it was seized at the port and was the subject of a copyright battle When a military coup in Chile in 1973 ousted the socialist government, all copies of the book were banned and burned and the authors put on a hit list they survived This 2018 edition is the first official American release.If you have ever watched the 1944 Walt Disney movie The Three Caballeros you might have considered that Donald Duck is acting a bit suspiciously during his tour of Brazil and Mexico My friends and I always postulated that Donald was actually a CIA spy sent to report on political conditions in those countries, but got sidetracked by samba Imagine my surprise when the book How to Read Donald Duck appeared in a catalog of new releases I had to read this to see if our hypothesis was correct.The movie is barely mentioned Instead the focus is on the monthly Disney comic books being distributed in Latin America since the 1950 s It seems that Donald Duck is popular there than Mickey Mouse so Donald is the point of entry for all sorts of capitalist ideas in socialist markets The authors take a Marxist view Left critique of mass culture products as distributed abroad, wherein the presentation is that The world of Disney is a nineteenth century orphanage 35.Fulfills the normal role of ideology insofar as Disney relies upon the acceptability of his world as natural, that is to say, as at once normal, ordinary, and true to the nature of the child 41 It is further simply escapism, the common mass culture safety valve necessary for a society 43 And yet it also takes part of the repressive coercive apparatus There are two forms of killing by machine guns and saccharine 48 the latter being Disney s preferred method.Very much a creature of the cold war, in seeing a typical example of Disney s colonial attitudes, in this case directed against the African independence movements 50.Disney strategies dilution, whereby protest is converted into imposture banalize an unusual phenomenon of the social body and symptom of a cancer, in such a way that it appears as an isolated incident removed from its social context 56 and recuperation the utilization of a potentially dangerous phenomenon of the social body in such a way that it serves to justify continued need of the social system and its values, and very often justifies the violence and repression which are part of the system 56.Stereotypes are sold to peop It is very hard to categorize this because, for Americans who know Disney and who doesn t , the descriptions of the comic book scenarios are radically different from the syrupy films we all grew up with.According to the authors, who wrote this in Chile before the coup that brought down the Allende government, the comics were a purposeful attempt to glorify the Capitalist system and to subjugate native peoples by portraying them as childlike and stupid According to them, there was a story template dictated by Disney, which was then filled in by local artists and writers with details that would resonate with the locals.I have a hard time believing that Disney himself could have had an agenda this well thought out But there is no doubt in my mind that these cartoons glorify a sort of Calvinist version of America where wealth conferred is an outward sign of divine right.It s pretty easy to see in a particular favorite Disney film of mine entitled The Three Caballeros It is my favorite, because unlike his famous works which seem childish to me now, this one seemed to satirize the whole imperialist American ethos.especially one segment where Donald Duck duck goes to Brasil and is shown around by a slickster parrot named Ze Carioca who reminds me of the kind of local fixer who would be in cahoots with an American businessman in Latin America It struck me as very funny long before I ever heard of this book, which is why, when it caught Download Para Leer Al Pato Donald Comunicaci N De Masas Y Colonialismo By Ariel Dorfman Bystricepodhostynem.eu En Este Mundo Nada Escapa A La Ideologia Nada Escapa, Por Lo Tanto, A La Lucha De Clases Este Libro Intenta Develar Los Mecanismos Especificos Por Los Que La Ideologia Burguesa Se Reproduce A Traves De Los Personajes De Walt Disney Indagar, Asimismo, En La Estructura De Las Historietas Para Mostrar El Universo De Connotaciones Que Desencadena Y Que Termina Por Ocupar El Lugar Fundamental En La Comprension Del Mensaje. I can t really quarrel with any of the main points this book raises, except to say that they seem to me to miss the point somewhat Actually, I can quarrel than that Valid enough as the observations here are in broad strokes, they are also ultimately, I believe, overly reductive not surprising, I suppose, given the ideological and polemical aims of the authors Indeed, the polemical style occasionally interferes with intellectual objectivity Of course, they re not really trying to be intellectually objective but to persuade readers that Disney comics are used deliberately as part of a capitalist colonialist strategy of dominating other cultures and reconciling people to being cogs in the mercantile machine It s easy enough to read Uncle Scrooge that way except for how frequently the comics the Barks ones, anyway satirize Scrooge s capitalist agenda Definitely an interesting read for anyone interested in cultural studies, somewhat less interesting but still worth a look for fo

About the Author: Ariel Dorfman

Vladimiro Ariel Dorfman is an Argentine Chilean novelist, playwright, essayist, academic, and human rights activist A citizen of the United States since 2004, he has been a professor of literature and Latin American Studies at Duke University, in Durham, North Carolina since 1985.

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